How to Build Backyard Horseshoe Pits

shoes1WFirst rule of building backyard horseshoe pits — they are backyard horseshoe pits, chill out.

They don’t have to be perfect, they don’t have to be exactly straight, and they definitely don’t have to be regulation anything.  It’s your backyard, they are your pits, and the only thing that really matters is having good people to enjoy them with. The following pictures and instructions represent my latest and greatest pits, and while their predecessors definitely didn’t compare construction wise, they surely were no less fun.  In fact, my last pits — those well under regulation length, on a downward slope, and with each of the four throwing areas requiring a different pitching technique because of nearby fencing or landscaping —  will be my favorite until these current ones prove otherwise.  The point is that throwing shoes is fun for all ages and as long as you are throwing, you’ve already built great pits.

I.  The Foundation


There is no more important step than this one.  If you really wanted to, you could just perform this first step, bury the buckets and pins in the ground and start throwing.  Eventually pits would form from the worn away landing areas and you’d be in business.  End of the day, the rest of your pit construction doesn’t matter if your pin can’t do it’s job — to stay where it is.  It’s annoying and ruins the flow of a game to continually fix a shoddy pin(s).  Some pins magically go nowhere without a proper foundation, but I’ve never seen both pins stay put without being properly anchored.

This step is as simple as cutting two 5 gallon plastic buckets in half and filling them with concrete.  Mix the concrete right in the buckets and set the pins as close to dead-center upright as you can.  Check on your buckets often as the concrete hardens to make sure the pins are still standing up, then as the concrete hardens, pitch your pins approximately 3 inches from center.  Remember that rule about backyard horseshoes?  Get out a tape measure, eyeball the 3 inch pitch from an eyeballed dead center of bucket and move on.  There will come a point when you know the pins aren’t going anywhere, but until then you should keep an eye on things.


II.  The Frame

knot1In the background of the previous picture you can see the start of the frames being cut out of 4×4 pressure treated lumber.   For these pits shown, two 8 foot lengths and one 6 footer were used.  All lengths were cut in half to create two 4′ x 3′ frames, with the longer pieces making up the sides and the shorter piece making up the back of the pit.  Screw your lumber together at the corners as shown on the left.   Make sure whatever wood screws you choose are long enough to embed through one piece and well into the next one and use four screws per corner for good measure.  Screw the longer pieces into the outside edges of the shorter pieces and your frames are done.


III.  Placement

Shoot for as flat of an area as possible and also pick a spot in your yard that is generally out of the way of any sort of traffic flow.  You don’t want people having to walk around your pits when they are over your house, nor do you want an errant shoe to go ringing off someone’s leg during such a gathering.  Horseshoes do kick off of the wood frames during play, so keep this in mind when picking a location for your pits.


Tie a string from pin to pin, and if you want, make the string 40 feet in length for regulation distance.  If you don’t have the room for that length, just use the string as a reference for getting your pins and frames as straight as possible.  The pins are supposed to lean in, so the pin pitches you created earlier should be pointing directly at each other.  Basically, when you are throwing, you are doing so at a pin leaning towards you, not away.  Before you dig, eye up everything as if you’re measuring up a golf put.  Stand behind each pit, squat down, even squint, but definitely don’t over-think or go for perfection.  Back–yard–horseshoes.

Once you get things close, dig two holes and bury the buckets leaving only the pins exposed.


Almost there…


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  1. I love it, Brad. I think horseshoes may be one of my favorite things on this earth. Seriously. This post stirs up so many memories about playing horseshoes with my extended family. Every gathering, it’s just what we did. When my grandfather died, everyone came to our house after the funeral and we set up 2 sets of shoes and played well into the night. We even strung up shop lights in our pecan so we could see. I’m glad you pointed out the rules. Our family has our own set of rules we play by. They work for us, but they definitely aren’t what the pros use. Thanks for this great post. You wove the sentiment and instruction together nicely.

  2. Someday my yard will have one of these.

  3. LAYDGATOR says:

    Cutting my boards tonight gotta find some rebar tommrow should be able to pitch my 1st game late tommrow or 1st thing Friday what a great way to start the weekend !!!!

    • Brad the Dad says:

      Awesome! I want pictures! And, happy pitching.

  4. Ashley says:

    I actually hate horseshoes. I am terrible at it and I am weak and just can’t get the shoe to the other side! 🙂 My husband, however, is obsessed so I’m going to build him a pit at our new house while he is out of town. Thank you for writing an easy-to-follow (pictures!), not uptight, humorous explanation of how to do this! Maybe I just need more practice? Thanks again!

    • Ashley,

      That’s great you are going to surprise your husband with pits while he is away! And remember the first rule of backyard horseshoe pits — “they are backyard horseshoe pits, chill out!” Meaning, don’t worry about regulation length if that means you won’t enjoy your own pits. My current ones are the first regulation length ones I’ve built and I can tell many of my friends are having a harder time reaching. Shortening the total distance by 2-3 feet can make your pits way more family friendly and in the grand scheme of things will not impact the game itself. My last pits were on a slight hill and tucked up against a fence in the corner of my yard. Each of the 4 pitching areas required a different type of throw, and yet, my most enjoyable pits ever.

      Let me know if you have any questions during the process and good luck! Glad my post could help.

  5. Charles says:

    Great idea for anchoring the pins! What do you use for the pins?

    • I just use the pins that come with the packaged horseshoe set you can buy from your average big box retail store. These packages typically come with 2 sets of horseshoes (4 total), 2 pins, and an instruction manual/rules of the game.

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